Born in 1952, Michel Sapin holds a degree from ENS. In 1975, he attended Sciences Po Paris and ENA in 1978.
In 1975, he joined the socialist party. In 1981, he was elected to the French National Assembly to represent the first district of Indre.
From 1983 to 1984, he was secretary of the National Assembly. From 1984 to 1985, he was the vice-president.
In 1986, he was elected deputy of Hauts-de-Seine, then re-elected in 1988. He was the president of the Law Commission until 1991.
In 1991, he became Minister of State for Justice and then Minister of Economy and Finance from 1992 to 1993.
From 1994 to 1995, Michel Sapin was a member of the Monetary Policy Council for the Bank of France.
He served as mayor of Argenton-sur-Creuse from 1995 to 2012 and president of the Communauté de Communes of Argenton-sur-Creuse from 1995 to 2012.
From 2000 to 2002, he served as Minister for Civil Service and Government Reform.
He was elected president of the Regional Council for Centre from 1998 to 2000 and from 2004 to 2007.
In 2001, he was in charge of François Hollande’s presidential project, a Socialist Party candidate in the presidential election.
In 2012, he was appointed Minister of Labor, Employment, Professional Training, and Social Dialogue.
In 2014, he was appointed Minister of Finance under Prime Minister Manuel Valls.
In 2016, he was Minister of Economy and Finance after Emmanuel Macron resigned from the position.
In 2017, he decided not to run for another elected position and instead became François Hollande’s assistant.
In 2019, he joined Franklin and became an attorney at the Paris Bar.